Thinking Skills


The following is an attempt to organize my posts related to clear thinking, problem solving and decision making into a coherent, easy to use format. I'm just an average guy trying to get a better understanding of these topics and as such, have no doubt oversimplified or misunderstood some of these concepts so please do your own research and confirm anything you find here.

I. Fundamentals of Informal Logic

  A. Informal Logic in a Nutshell
      1) Argument & Argument Analysis
      2) Acceptable Premises
      3) Relevance and Sufficiency
   
  B. Deductive Arguments
      1) Categorical Logic
      2) Propositional Logic

  C. Inductive Arguments
      1) Inductive Generalization
      2) Statistical Syllogism
      3) Analogical Arguments
      4) Causal Arguments
          a. Mill's Methods
          b. Bradford Hill criteria

  D. Abductive Arguments

  E. (So called) Logical Fallacies
     -Ad Hominem
     -Affirming the Consequent
     -Appeal to Authority
     -Appeal to Popularity
     -Argument from Ignorance
     -Begging the Question/Circular Reasoning
     -Denying the Antecedent
     -Equivocation
     -Fallacy Fallacy
     -False Analogy
     -False Dichotomy
     -Guilt by Association
     -Hasty Generalization
     -Misleading Vividness
     -Non-Sequitur
     -Poisoning the Well
     -Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc
     -Red Herring
     -Tu Quoque
     -Straw Man

  F. Bad Reasoning (that may or maynot be considered fallacies)
    -Motte & Bailey


II. Cognitive Psychology

  A. Dual Process Model of Thinking

  B. Cognitive Bias
     -Confirmation Bias and Positive Test Strategy
     -Dunning-Kruger Effect
     -Framing Effect
     -Gambler's Fallacy
     -Outcome Bias
     -Anchoring

III. Social Psychology

  A. Social Influence
         1) Conformity


IV. Problem Solving
  A. Problem Solving Process


V. Information/Knowledge Management
  A. Outline


VI. Linguistics




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